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Ethiopia’s Policy Logjam and Unintended Consequences- Is the Abiy led government reverting to the TPLF model?  Part III – Zehabesha – Latest Ethiopian News Provider

Ethiopia’s Policy Logjam and Unintended Consequences- Is the Abiy led government reverting to the TPLF model?  Part III - Zehabesha - Latest Ethiopian News Provider

— Half III of III

By Aklog Birara (Dr)

“ያልተማሩ ምሁራን ያቆዩዋትን ሃገር፤ የተማሩ መሃይማን አያፈርሷትም”   አቶ ታየ ቦጋለ

Dr. Aklog Birara

My hypothesis in response to the question beneath the sub-tile is that Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed might not revert to the TPLF mannequin of repressive and ethnic governance. Because, this reversal of historical past would solely strengthen repression, ethnic-cleansing and finally Balkanization of Ethiopia and deepen or worsen poverty. Will probably be a mortal blow to his government; and undermine the aspirational narrative he used to mobilize tens of millions of Ethiopians.

I’ve little question that there are ethnic and non secular fundamentalists behind the ‘throne’ who’re determined to remake Ethiopia only in their very own picture or to disintegrate it utterly. Amharas are particularly most weak from several fronts. In the North, the TPLF has snatched and included giant tracts of probably the most fertile farmlands into Larger Tigray. Within the North East, Oromos claim that a large a part of Wollo is Oromo land. In the West and South West, strategic and fertile lands and water basins have been taken away and included into the newly created Beni Shangul Gumuz region.

In virtually each part of Ethiopia, together with Addis Ababa, Awassa, Arusi, Dire Dawa, Harar, Kaffa, Sidamo and other places where tons of of hundreds, and in some places hundreds of thousands of Amharas work, stay and personal property, they’re being harassed, expelled and dehumanized at a degree never seen in Ethiopia’s long history. The barrage of hateful propaganda towards the Amharas, typically buffeted by the fabrication and dissemination of false historical knowledge represent a most diabolical narrative that Amharas and the world group should heed to. As far as I can discern, there isn’t any purple line or demarcation to talk of which may mitigate dangers for the Amharas.

Regardless of how much I (we) love Ethiopia and Ethiopian id, the existential menace towards the Amharas is real and compelling. From the mid-1960s thus far, I’ve devoted my intellectual capital Ethiopia’s rightful place on the earth. I have additionally felt strongly and urged Ethiopians to not fall to the by no means ending and harmful lure of ethnic id as a future. The truth of ethnic-based hatred, suspicion and division on the bottom that’s supported instantly or not directly by external push to dismantle Ethiopia present a valued goal, specifically, the Amharas. This group and other like-minded Ethiopians of my era have all the time embraced their country and their id as Ethiopians. I am part and parcel of this embrace.

In my era, a minimum of and regardless of ideological variations among intellectuals, efforts have been made to diagnose core issues honesty, objectively and in a balanced manner. Declarations such because the variety of individuals in each ethnic group weren’t made. At present, declarations are given as details and are imposed on others. Denials are given as details. How else would one explain the narrative regarding Emperor Menilik? When fact is abandoned for political achieve, the room for dialogue can also be minimized or utterly curtailed intentionally.

Going again to my speculation I opine that there isn’t any contradiction between defending the rights of the Amhara population to exist as human beings and to defend themselves; and defending Ethiopia and Ethiopiawinnet. This is because of the fact that the wrestle for Ethiopia’s durability and the assertion of citizenship id as an Ethiopian would have little which means if the very people who fought for these national values are made scapegoats for the nation’s multiple ills and are attacked continually. If we don’t converse up in the present day, history will decide us harshly.

On this connection, I am reminded of what happened to the Jewish individuals. They have been accused and demonized in all elements of Europe. Demonization, harassment and other types of psychological warfare towards Jews was then adopted by “crimes towards humanity and genocide.” In his highly acclaimed ebook, “East West Road,” Philippe Sands argues persuasively that the barrage of defamation, harassment, character assassination, particular person and group abuse of Jews that preceded genocide confirmed intent.

Concentrating on Amharas exhibits intent.

“Think about the killing of 100,000 individuals who occurred to return from the same group…. Jews or Poles.” He suggests based mostly on concrete evidence that “the killing of people, if part of a systematic plan, can be crime towards humanity,” the body of worldwide regulation recognized and articulated by the distinguished human nights lawyer, Professor Hersch Lauterpacht. At the similar time and in reference to the Nuremberg Trials, one other legal thoughts, Professor Rafael Lemkin opined that “the killing of the various with the intention of destroying the group of which they have been an element” constituted the physique of regulation that is now referred to as genocide.

Sands clarifies the contrasts and interrelatedness of the 2 our bodies of regulation that the international group now applies. “For a prosecutor as we speak, the distinction between the 2 was largely the question of establishing intent: to prove genocide, you needed to point out that the act of killing was motivated by an intent to destroy the group, whereas for crimes towards humanity no such intent had to be proven.”

Since providing genocide is troublesome, I urge those involved to collect proof meticulously and systematically. Instances overlaying Yugoslavia, Rwanda and allegations of crimes of genocide in Chechnya, Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, Iraq and Guantanamo Bay illustrate that no individual or group can get away with genocide. I underscore intent. Part of intent is the propagation of ethnic hatred, suspicion, division, harassment and wholesale incarceration.

I recommend that the Amharas have been and still are among the many most avid supporters of democratic and elementary change in Ethiopia. Despite this reality, the try and reverse the toddler but widespread change process is throughout us. Among the reversals is the deliberate concentrating on of Ethiopian national institutions and icons of id beneath the pretext of holding again resurgence Amharas. Assertiveness to survive shouldn’t be the same as that of the propestrous declare to reassert “hegemony.”

Those that present the make-believe thesis of “hegemony” target both symbols and persons. Their intent is complete dismantlement or destruction. Jewish synagogues have been symbols and targets.

Why else would ethnic and non secular zealots “torch” Ethiopian Orthodox churches? Why would there be targeted massacres and different human rights abuses in nationally leaning areas of not only the Amhara area but in addition in Addis Ababa, Awassa, Beni Shangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa, Gambella, Gedeo, Guji, Harar, Kaffa, Sidamo, Kaffa and so forth.? Why would the TPLF continue to garrison itself in Mekele as an alternative of negotiating and guiding the way forward for Ethiopia so that everybody, including Tigreans would profit from elementary policy and structural change?

Ethiopia continues to endure from misinformation and the distortion of historic details by prompt “historians, activists, fundamentalists and extremists.” In a single current episode, an individual claimed that he doesn’t know “Emperor Menilik,” the Ethiopian hero who mobilized a whole lot of hundreds and defeated Italian colonialism at the Battle of Adwa. In contrast to this one that subordinates the freedom of black peoples to slender ethnic id and an uncertain future, Italians in Rome celebrated Ethiopia’s Emperor chanting “viva Menilik.” If he denies Menilik, he could have the proclivity to say that Amharas were not massacred because of their ethnicity.

A gaggle of discovered people, together with at the least two professors who have written books, went out of their method to critique a communique that was written thoughtfully and signed by 145 individuals. The signatories represented a cross-section of views and combined ethnic groups. As an alternative of stating their positions, the critics recognized the signatories as “tremendous racists” with no shred of evidence to help their assertions. Further, the same cohort made a sweeping conclusion that the assassinations that occurred on June 22, 2019 in Bahir Dar have been linked on to a plot by the Amharas to overthrow the federal government.” The failed coup in the Amhara state was an try by ethnic nationalists (that’s Amharas) to restore Amhara hegemony over Ethiopia.” this assertion constitutes deliberate intent.

This accusation mirrors a narrative echoed by authorities authorities in addition to by Herman Cohen, whose Anti-Amhara position is nicely established. There isn’t any material or forensic or other proof to help this false narrative. It by no means occurred to the critics, for example, that the plot in Bahir Dar of cold-blooded murders of Amhara leaders may need been conceived and carried out by a party or parties inimical to the Amharas. My estimation is that, this speculation is dismissed outfight to make the Amharas liable for Ethiopia’s rising pains; and to pave the best way for the reshaping or reconfiguration of Ethiopia by marginalizing the Amharas even more. I pose the question of what comes next?

The dire penalties of this well-orchestrated false narrative are evident each day. Numerous Amhara youth proceed to be arrested; and those incarcerated are accused of terrorism.

Whose agenda is being paraded?

It’s sheer madness to accuse the Amharas of plotting a coup d’etat towards the Abiy Ahmed -led authorities for the following reasons:

  1. Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed gained the premiership with strategic and methodical help of the Amhara Democratic Celebration (ADP);


  1. An awesome number of Amharas got here out of their houses, villages, towns and cities in help of the reform course of;


  1. Amhara youth sacrificed their lives and helped dislodge the Orwellian regime led by the TPLF; and referred to as for unity among the Amhara and Oromo peoples; and,


  1. The ADP leadership continues to help the Abiy government.

Towards this historic and constructive position of the Amharas, the least beneficiary of the EPRDF federal price range based mostly on measurement of inhabitants and wish is the Amhara area. Equally telling is the recurrence of ethnic-cleansing, marginalization, harassment, persecution and disproportionate incarceration of the Amhara population, especially youth.

In the identical vein because the “historian/anthropologist” who claimed that he did not now Emperor Menilik , group of “involved” people who claimed to characterize the “majority of the Ethiopian population,”  went out of their method to accuse and demean the Amharas who defended Ethiopia’s independence over centuries  of “tremendous racism.” This can be a sinister term and concept that has been implanted in the minds of ethnic elites whose proclivity to mimic alien terms and apply them as extensively as potential to realize their objective is indeniable. In this regard, it is important to remind ourselves why Amharas are targets of ethnic cleansing and human rights abuses.

Within the twentieth century “The Nazis of Austro Hungary had already in the 1930’s focused Ethiopia as a menace towards white supremacy and white colonialism in Africa…. And a menace to “Western Civilization,” wrote the distinguished late historian Professor Alem Eshete. “Within the case of Ethiopia, the basic work on the topic, which we’ve repeatedly introduced to the Ethiopian public, myself and the Ethiopian patriotic Diaspora in Germany, was , in fact, the e-book by the Austrian Nazi, Baron Roman Prochaska’s “Abyssinia the Powder Barrel” (Vienna 1935), translated in all the key Western languages (including American English,) before the Italian invasion in 1936. Baron Roman Prochaska was posted for 2 years as Austrian Consul in Addis Ababa till his expulsion in February 1934. The Italian translation of Prochaska’s guide entitled ABISSINIA PERICOLO NERO which means “Abyssinia the Black Menace or Danger” was revealed in 1935, which is a yr before the Fascist invasion.”

The ethnicization of Ethiopian politics that has been normalized and legalized via the 1994 Ethnic and language-baaed Structure traces its roots to fascism and its ideologues. “Starting from the primary page, Prochaska alerts his white public by stating that for 4 years that Emperor Haile Selassie’s Ethiopia, in “close co-operation with Japan,” was engaged “on a life and dying wrestle with the white race, the results of that are incalculable. The targets are the colonial powers in Africa with out exception. It is hardly attainable to think about a more sad state of affairs of a white man than to should stay underneath the oppression of an Abyssinian grandee. The prevalence of this contemptuous invective is characteristic of the mentality and angle of the natives who imagine themselves to be infinitely superior to the white race.”

The accusation by the critics of Amharas as “super racists” that I underscored above emanates from this narrative, an inheritance that fundamentalists and extremists now use liberally to target Amharas together with intellectuals. Italian fascist ideologues conceived the idea that the Amhara nationality was far too unbiased, dedicated to freedom and to the sovereignty of Ethiopia and pleased with its wealthy and numerous cultures and establishments together with its Orthodox Christian faith, its written alphabet and unit calendar in addition to its potential to welcome and to serve as residence to Muslims at a time of their biggest needs.

The critics fail to recognize this enduring legacy. Ethiopia turned a beacon of freedom for Black individuals throughout the world. Italian fascists and the remainder of Europe felt strongly that Ethiopia was a competitor and must be subjugated so as to dominate all of Africa.  It’s this legend that ethnic elites and Ethiopia’s traditional adversaries resented and nonetheless resent probably the most.

Amharas are focused always not due to their historical past as “colonizers, as chauvinists and as oppressors” however because of their unmatched dedication to Black African freedom, independence and their commitments to equity, justice, inclusion and nationwide id as Ethiopians. It is ironic that, having fought probably the most and suffered probably the most for the freedoms, rights and independence of all Ethiopians and the remainder of Africa, Amharas now face an existential menace.

The initially priority for Amharas is to arrange throughout regional boundaries; and defend themselves. Their survival is a prerequisite for the survival of Ethiopia as a rustic. Amhara youth must be careful to not be hoodwinked by the sinister machinations of either the TPLF or the OLF. They each thrive by planting seeds of division among the Amhara population.

Whether or not inside Ethiopia or outdoors, Amharas haven’t any other selection however to speak with a unified voice towards ethnic hatred, suspicion and division. These of us who stay outdoors Ethiopia have a special duty to dispel false narratives and to defend rights. Words and narratives matter a fantastic deal.  For instance, most of these murdered in cold-blood and most youth arrested because the tragedy in Bahr Dar are Amharas. Political assassinations are so widespread in Ethiopia that it must be the exception and never the norm that should shock us. Equally, coup d’etat in Ethiopia is so frequent that Ethiopians take it as a part of their political tradition.

In an interview launched on August 4, 2019 “ETHIOPIA IS ON THE BRINK OF DISINTEGRATION” Hassan Jabhad of the Ogaden National Liberation Front warned us all of Ethiopia’s potential disintegration by pinpointing flash factors. “Others like Sidama individuals are calling for an unbiased region of their own. Worst of all, there have been 5 coup makes an attempt in the nation through the previous yr.” This number isn’t validated by anybody else. The point is this. From 1916 to 2018, there were eight unsuccessful coups, one each 18 years. Excluding the alleged coup in Bahir Dar, the newest happened after Prime Minister Dr. Abiy took power in April 2018. Amharas should not be blamed for these makes an attempt.

What’s the cause for blaming the Amharas for the alleged coup? The simple answer is to include the resurgence of Amhara nationalism and pin the blame on the Amharas as a pretext to subjugate them. Amhara resurgence is based by one single motive, survival.

Asymmetrical remedy is unfair and unjust.

The alleged coup in Bahir Dar does not meet the standards. Fairly, it is a plot to create a false and misleading narrative with a view to hit the Amharas onerous. Regional squabbles and modifications in leaderships which are widespread in Beni-Shangul Gumuz, Oromia, Somali, Gambella, SNNP and so forth. regions are taken as normal; whereas one that occurred within the Amhara region is linked mysteriously with a coup attempt. Why this stark differentiation?

I find no difference between this assertion and that of Herman Cohen’s. It is a narrative to hit one particular ethnic group. It is propestrous to say that the Amharas dominated Ethiopia for 500 years. Quite the opposite, 500 years in the past, the Amharas have been virtually annihilated. The narrative of a coup linking it to the Amharas is make-believe. For the culprits behind this façade, there isn’t any difference between the fascist narrative of Amhara dominance and oppression; and the resurfacing of Amhara “hegemony” as a mantra.

The parents who referred to as the signatories of the July 19, 2019 communique “super-racists” have their very own agenda. They used a time period that’s meant to strengthen the TPLF thesis of “Amhara chauvinism” and to encourage onslaught of the Amharas. Historical past will decide which narrative prevails in Ethiopia. Is it governance by capturing state and government by ethnic-elites and taking turns to say hegemony in the same manner as the TPLF and its core ally the OLF did for 27 years? Or is it to wrestle for participatory democracy based mostly on the rule of regulation and citizenship rights that assure each Ethiopian the proper to stay, personal property, vote and so on. in any a part of Ethiopia? I consider that the later will prevail at the end.

I also consider and contend on this commentary that what distinguishes Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed and his group is their dedication to Ethiopia’s sturdiness and to Ethiopiawinnet (ኢትዮጵያዊነት መንፈስ ነው). On this sense, they are on the proper aspect of historical past. It’s subsequently pathetic to try to alienate them from the overwhelming majority of Ethiopians; and to attempt to own them as if they’re personal property. Oromo and Tigrean intellectuals and activists shouldn’t try to personal or disown Ethiopia’s leaders with a purpose to serve their slender agendas. Leaders also needs to not permit themselves to be traded like a commodity.

Keep in mind this. Ethiopia is a country of greater than 86 nations, nationalities and peoples. Each of them belongs to this great country. The exercise of freedom and socioeconomic and political rights for one is tantamount to freedom and socioeconomic and political rights for all. The one regional state that accepts these values is the Amhara reginal state. The longer term belongs to those who embrace.

Why would the dissenters to the July 19, 2019 communique not call for parity and fairness as an alternative of following the TPLF logic of demeaning Amharas? What makes them consider that the current government can govern Ethiopia without the representation of this big inhabitants and different non-Oromos? It’s simplistic to dismiss numbers and to fabricate number for political finish. Ethiopia had an Amhara majority beneath the Dergue. The place did they disappear because the EPRDF?

Has there been a census in Ethiopia beneath the TPLF and its allies allowing and encouraging that these surveyed can and will determine themselves freely as Amhara and so on. wherever they reside with out worry of retaliation? In truth, hundreds of thousands of Amharas disappeared into the skinny air beneath the EPRDF. Have critiques requested themselves how 2.5 million withered away in a single census; and how tens of millions extra Amharas “disappeared” from Ethiopia’s demographic knowledge?

I urge Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Amhed to live-up to the guarantees he made; not to flinch; and to not reverse the progress made thus far. As an alternative he ought to push for elementary modifications. He shouldn’t alienate Amharas who represent a bulk of his base of sturdy help.

Protect human rights and the rule of regulation

The world is not remoted.; and Ethiopia shouldn’t be shut-off again. On Monday July 15, 2019 CNN critiqued the Abiy authorities for reverting again to the previous days of Ethiopian oppressive politics. “Ethiopia’s chief promised to guard freedom of expression. But he retains flicking the internet kill change.” In an ominous sign of reversal of freedom and the safety of human rights “Entry to Fb, Twitter, What-is up, Instagram, and some VPN apps remain blocked by the government. The continued blocks characterize a big barrier to freedom of expression and the correct to info.” It is true that the Internet has been restored.

In this century, closing or proscribing internet access entails monumental financial prices. “Through the shutdown, businesses have been pressured to shut, occasions have been canceled, and households have been unable to communicate. Widespread taxi service Zay-Experience was additionally affected by the shutdown, leaving their drivers with no work for every week. Combined, the effect of internet shutdowns on the financial system is staggering. Based on the web monitoring NGO, Netblocks, each day of an internet blackout costs the Ethiopian authorities almost $4.5million.”

Ethiopia suffers from overseas change shortages. Subsequently, shutting down the internet makes no economic or social sense. The Internet “change on and change off” behavior shouldn’t develop into a frequent prevalence. CNN quotes the chief director of the Affiliation for Human Rights in Ethiopia who stated: “Individuals need to know the well-being and security of their household… the web shutdown is putting individuals in worry once more.”

Reversal to the TPLF darkish days of shutting down every media outlet so as to punish Ethiopians might be an Orwellian act that Prime Minister Dr. Abiy promised gained’t happen once more. CNN quotes one other activist who stated “Since 2016, the government of Ethiopia has had a behavior of shutting down the internet every time there’s political unrest or demonstration [and] after a number of months the new administration took workplace they returned to their previous habit.”

The argument by federal authorities that shutting down the internet is intended to quell unrest following the alleged coup is harking back to what happened beneath Meles and beneath Hailemariam Dessalegn. Protests and dissent have been all the time adopted by repression, command posts, killings and incarcerations. “It is a move that is highly harking back to Desalegn’s tight control of the media” through which, in line with Human Rights Watch, there was a “technique to handle and management info flows, including the media, and be sure that its insurance policies are promoted however not critiqued.”

This time too it is meant to implement a narrative that is flawed. A flawed narrative has penalties regardless of who reins.

The promising political surroundings of freedom of the press and political pluralism that elevated Prime Minister Abiy’s standing is diminishing fast. Wholesale arrests and incarcerations of Amharas are harking back to the tough political realities of 27 years underneath TPLF that some non-TPLF members now help without questioning who is harm. Their rationale for help is identical as that of Herman Cohen, specifically, alleged resurgence of Amhara hegemony.

It isn’t the varied constructive options provided that the critiques of the July 19, 2019 communique tackle. They use their ethnic lenses and accuse and oppose “super racist Amharas” in the identical method the TPLF demeans all Amharas of “chauvinism.” There isn’t any distinction apart from the superlative term “tremendous racists” they threw like a badge of dishonor or honor. Apartheid may be labeled as such; however labeling any Amhara as “tremendous racist” lacks imagination. It borders outright insanity and mania.

This hysteria of the Amhara ‘phantom’ chasing its victims is a tired and worn-out phenomenon that diminishes all Ethiopians. Why not study a bit from President Isaias Afewerki? Why not study from the transformative leader of the Somali region, Mustafa Omer. He represents a future and promising Ethiopia. He’s reputed as a human rights defender. As such, he stands for human dignity, honor and inclusion.

Mustafa Omar exemplifies a person with humility, curiosity to know the truth and an individual who has an oz of empathy to overcome sheer ignorance in advancing the widespread good and not to resort to the term of “tremendous racist.”

Ethiopia lacks such leaders as Mustafa Omar who are endowed with the mental and ethical acumen not solely to debate incessantly however more necessary to construct a multiethnic nation by bringing all its members nearer in such a fashion that at the finish, they fulfill their human potential and turn out to be stronger. As Omar famous in his speeches and in his interactions with Amhara youth in Bahir Dar, the Amhara agenda is a human and humane agenda.

Immediately, Ethiopia is getting ready to collapse. That is why it wants leaders who build bridges and not ethnic elites who accuse Amharas of “super racism and ethnic chauvinism; and Oromos of slender nationalism.” Ethnic hatred, suspicion, worry and division are at an all-time high. The ethnic federal system is not able to holding the nation together. The overarching narrative that guides political elites, including federal government authorities is id politics.

At the heart of ethnic disparagement, relentless psychological and bodily conquest is primarily the Amhara nationality. Proof from other nations exhibits that ethnic hatred that always leads to ethnic cleansing and genocide haven’t any boundaries. It is sort of a communicable disease comparable to Ebola. Untreated, it spreads far and extensive and infects anybody and everyone ultimately. In the present day it’s the Amhara; and tomorrow will probably be the Gurage, Annuak, Wolayta, Somali, Tigray or Oromo and so on. “ነግ በእኔ” (Tomorrow will probably be me) is apt to recollect. Keep in mind intent.

The wholesale arrest and incarceration of the Amhara, particularly youth, activists, journalists, intellectuals, enterprise women and men, army officers exceeding 1,000 is a harmful development to undo Ethiopia. The argument these wholesale arrests and incarcerations are linked to alleged coup d’etat and the horrific assassinations of June 22, 2019, in Bahir Dar and Addis Ababa is, at greatest, indefensible and arguably sinister. One tragedy was adopted by one other tragedy. The victims of each tragedies are primarily the Amharas. So, why blame the victims?

The press assertion by the Tigray Individuals’s Liberation Entrance (TPLF) following the tragedy and accusing the Amhara Democratic Get together (ADP and the Amhara nationality of “chauvinism” exhibits the existence of direct involvement within the tragedy that triggered mass arrests and jailings that continue to this present day. The newest assertion by the TPLF on Amhara “chauvinism,” ነፍጠኛ and different attributes quantities to a name of Tigreans and other ethnic groups to stand up towards a selected group of individuals. It is the resurrection and the enlivening of the 1968 Manifesto. This vitriol by a selected ethnic political group that’s still a member of the Ethiopians Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Entrance (EPRDF) is an affront to humanity and a mortal menace to Ethiopia’s sturdiness.

Right here, I should wish to remind the reader of the tragedy preceding the first and second world wars when the Jewish individuals have been targeted and set-up for what is now referred to as “crimes towards humanity and genocide.” As far as I do know, no rational political leadership anyplace on the planet this century trumps up plots and schemes to stimulate crimes towards humanity and genocide. Nevertheless, the deliberate concentrating on of Amharas is intentional.

It isn’t rocket science to deduce from the tragedy of June 22, 2019 and the concentrating on of the Amharas in the TPLF 1968 Manifesto of this specific population as mortal enemies of the Tigrean individuals and others as a plot that is being resurrected with a degree of vitriol that no sane political management anyplace on this planet would espouse within the 21st century. We have to be a part of palms and stop genocide before it occurs.

Tragically for the Amhara and finally for Ethiopia, ethnic hatred, suspicion, worry and division has been propagated by ethnic elites over the previous half century. This is the rationale why I hypothesize on this commentary that Ethiopia lacks a group of statesmen as leaders. With a couple of exceptions that I have highlighted above, the bulk of EPRDF management is incapable of transcending its ethnic silos and ethos; and has did not convey more than 86 ethnic groups to work together.

The Amharas will not be Ethiopia’s enemy; and may’t be blamed for its a number of problems. It is the system that failed all groups. It is the structure and policy structure imposed on 110 million Ethiopians in 1991 typically and beneath the 1994 ethnic and langue Structure that needs pressing and quick transformation.

The present ethnic and linguistic federal structure is damaged. It’s broken because it’s synthetic and conflict-ridden. It is broken and infested with spiritual and ethnic extremists who burn churches and investments and massacre innocent civilians including religious leaders.

Change the Constitution and the administrative construction.

Why not be daring sufficient and allow “100” flowers to bloom? Nigeria is more numerous and has a bigger population than Ethiopia. It’s residence to 250 ethnic groups. Probably the most populous and politically influential ethnic groups embrace: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio three.5%, Tiv 2.5%. Nigeria determined to reconfigure the nation into 36 states and a federal capital city, Abuja.

It’s excessive time to fee an skilled group to restructure the Ethiopian administrative system using a set of standards that enhances human freedom and accelerates economic and social transformation. The Nigerian federal system is an choice and there are other options too. Ethiopia deserves a modern, environment friendly, manageable and democratic federal system that provides the population direct voice and makes officers accountable to citizens not events. As well as, the potential for increasing the variety of self-governing cities from the current two to a larger quantity based mostly on variety of the population must be explored.

The rivalry on Addis Ababa should stop. Addis Ababa should serve solely as a federal metropolis with no special privileges or rights bestowed to any ethnic group. It must be given the identical standing as Abuja or Washington D.C.

In summary, I recommend the next:

  1. The only most essential challenge and opportunity for Ethiopia is to create jobs for over 3 million younger individuals annually for the coming many years. This funding can pay large dividends by boosting incomes, raising GDP, creating resiliency, reworking human power to productive use, decreasing dependency, empowering the younger to build bridges across ethnic and generational boundaries and so forth. and so forth. and so on. The value added is immense. This is where the federal and regional governments, overseas assist and the Diaspora should focus.


  1. Those of us within the Diaspora should stop preventing with one another. We should always develop up and act as a model of change for Ethiopia by breaking ethnic silos holding forums and dialogues that mirror Ethiopia’s wealthy variety.


  1. These of us who love Ethiopia and the Ethiopian individuals as an entire should continue to help the change agenda in our homeland and push for elementary policy and structural modifications.


  1. The Ethiopian federal authorities’s prime precedence is to safeguard the security and security of all Ethiopians; to launch all political prisoners of conscience; to revive freedom of the press and different primary rights; to hold every individual or group that murders innocent civilians and burn church buildings and properties in any part of Ethiopia accountable; and to apply the rule of regulation impartially and persistently.


  1. Authorities ought to assemble representatives of Addis Ababa and iron out differences in administering and managing this multiethnic city, the seat of the federal government, the African Union and numerous U. N. businesses.


  1. “ስንኖር ኢትዮጵያዊ ስንሞትም ኢትዮጵያዊ (Once we reside, we’re Ethiopian; and once we die, we’re Ethiopian”) are everlasting values that we maintain pricey wherever we reside and move. These eternal values should, nevertheless, be translated into action on the bottom. Federal and regional authorities have an urgent obligation to translate these values by making certain that each Ethiopian has the suitable to stay, own property, vote and determine himself or herself as Ethiopian, Afar, Gurage, Tigre, Amhara, Annuak, Somali, Oromo, Muslim, Protestant, Orthodox and so forth. anyplace and anytime. Ethiopian citizenship is a standard denominator that defines who we are us and not ethnicity.


  1. The federal government’s duty with help from the global group, the Diaspora and the personal sector is to resettle all internally displaced individuals; to agree on specific standards to avert future displacements; and to hold any regional official or non-governmental entity or individual accountable for displacements and ethnic-cleansing. Demeaning any ethnic group exhibits intent and have to be made unlawful.


  1. The parallel priority I am recommending is to convene a particular emergency assembly chaired by Prime Minister Dr. Abiy to discuss and provide you with a solemn covenant that leaders of every Kilil agree that their first loyalty is to preserve Ethiopia’s territorial and sovereignty; to safeguard the private safety and safety of every Ethiopian;  to implement the rule of regulation; and to cooperate faithfully with the federal authorities in bringing any individual accused of crimes towards humanity and recognized as thief of state and maintain each one to account in a courtroom of regulation.


  1. The government of Ethiopia should convene an All-inclusive Nationwide Conference of nationwide consensus, peace, reconciliation and agree on an interim transitional association and interval with a selected time-frame that may pave the best way for a free and truthful election. To have tooth and credibility with the Ethiopian public such a convention should go beyond elites; and should contain each of the 80 plus ethnic groups and representatives of all stakeholders including youth, faith groups and civil society.


  1. Within the long-term, the present ethnic and language-based Structure have to be overhauled; and the unequal and uneven political celebration construction that excludes viable multinational opposition teams have to be addressed and streamlined.  On this regard, I recommend the institution of a excessive caliber Constitutional Commission consisting of a cross part of Ethiopian specialists within and out of doors the nation and vetted by the public on the idea of integrity, impartiality, unbiased considering and professional competence. The Phrases of Reference (TOR) of such a Commission must be disclosed to the general public.


“ያልተማሩ ምሁራን ያቆዩዋትን ሃገር፤ የተማሩ መሃይማን አያፈርሷትም” አቶ ታየ ቦጋለ