By Alemayehu G.Mariam
The phrase “first responder” refers to an individual, typically with specialised coaching, who is the first to reach and help at the scene of an emergency or a disaster.
On June 3, 2019, there was more than an emergency within the Sudan. There was a catastrophe.
Paramilitary Speedy Help Forces beneath the command and control of the ruling Sudanese junta indiscriminately fired into crowds of unarmed prodemocracy road demonstrators, killing 118, wounding over 500 and arresting scores extra.
The African Union condemned the junta’s use of indiscriminate deadly drive and took preliminary steps in preparation for critical sanctions towards the Sudanese army regime. U.N. Secretary-Common António Guterres also strongly condemned the junta’s excessive use of drive towards protesters.
On June 7, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was the first responder to point out up on the scene of the crime in Karthoum.
He went to Karthoum as opposition leaders mulled over the need of declaring a parallel civilian government and in search of worldwide recognition.
The Sudanese opposition accepted PM Abiy as mediator and held meetings with him as did the leaders of the junta self-styled because the Transitional Army Council (TMC).
It was reported that three opposition leaders had been detained by Sudan’s junta following discussion with PM Abiy but have been launched a number of days later.
On June 11, 2019, it was introduced PM Abiy had brokered a deal between the opposition and the TMC which might help transition Sudan to democracy.
Accordingly, “Sudan’s opposition plans to appoint eight members of a transitional council and identify a outstanding economist to go a government.”
In an superb flip of occasions, PM Abiy also successfully negotiated the release of dozens of Ethiopian prisoners held in Sudanese jails and introduced again an entire bunch of them on his aircraft.
The released prisoners have been effusive in their praise and gratitude for PM Abiy.
Sudan just isn’t the first instance during which PM Abiy served as a primary responder.
Within weeks after taking workplace, PM Abiy turned a first responder and resolved the two-decades long deadlock between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
For almost 20 years, the U.N., the AU and other diplomatic efforts had did not convey peace between the two nations.
I used to be a witness and current in Zalambessa and Bure when the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea was opened on September 11, 2018.
PM Abiy was the first responder in resolving the many years of animosity between Somalia and Eritrea serving to the 2 nations establish diplomatic ties.
PM Abiy was the primary responder within the easing of tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti.
PM Abiy was the first responder in mediating a maritime border problem on the Indian Ocean between Kenya and Somalia.
PM Abiy was the primary responder mediating peaceful battle decision between the warring faction leaders in South Sudan.
Abiy Ahmed broke the African mould
There isn’t a query PM Abiy broke the African management mould that has been in use since African “independence” in the early 1960s.
I’ve spent many many years learning African “leaders”.
For the past seven many years, the vast majority of African leaders have been dictators, autocrats, authoritarians, tyrants, oligarchs and despots.
I even coined a set of descriptive labels for a particularly virulent breed of African dictators.
Thugtators. Thugtatorships. Thugogracies. Thugmocracies.
In Might 2011, I posted a commentary in the Huffington Submit entitled, “ Thugtatorship: The Highest Stage of African Dictatorship.”
If democracy is authorities of the individuals, by the individuals and for the individuals, a thugocracy is a authorities of thieves, for thieves, by thieves. Merely said, a thugtatorship is rule by a gang of thieves and robbers (thugs) in designer suits. It is turning into crystal clear that a lot of Africa at the moment is a thugocracy privately managed and operated for the exclusive advantage of bloodthirsty thugtators…
African thugtators cling to energy to function refined felony business enterprises to loot their national treasuries and assets. These African “leaders” are actually “godfathers” or heads of legal families. Identical to any organized legal enterprise, African thugtators use their social gathering apparatuses, bureaucracies, army and police forces to take care of and perpetuate their corrupt financial empires.
In my June 2015 commentary entitled, “Ethiopian Thugmocracy”, following the elektion through which the Tigrean Individuals’s Liberation Entrance claimed to have gained 100 % of the seats in parliament, I wrote:
When thugs are “elected” to political workplace, they turn into thugmocrats. A thugmocracy is a type of “authorities” by which the facade of representative electoral democracy is used to take care of and perpetuate the iron rule of a bunch of bush thugs who use state energy to line their pockets and their cronies’ pockets.
Determining Abiy Ahmed
Ethiopians try to determine Abiy Ahmed.
Indeed, the world is making an attempt to figure out Abiy Ahmed and the way he does what he does.
The Financial Occasions opined Abiy Ahmed “could also be the preferred politician in Africa” and referred to as him “Ethiopia’s Mandela”.
The New York Occasions asserted Abiy Ahmed is the “most intently watched chief in Africa.”
CNN has tried to explain “Why Ethiopians consider their new prime minister is a prophet.”
The Economist tried to work out why “Ethiopians are going wild for Abiy Ahmed.”
Al Jazeera questioned if Abiy Ahmed is the actual thing: “Are Ethiopians blinded by Abiymania?”
The Italian Institute for International Political Research declared, “Abiy Ahmed is the Leader to Watch in 2019” and added “he’s the bravest and most progressive leader in Africa right now.”
In August 2018, Black Star News declared, “Dr. Abiy Ahmed is a reputable Nobel Peace Prize candidate.” Herman Cohen, former U.S. Assistant Secretary for African Affairs agrees.
The Peace Research Institute Oslo considered the world’s “oldest and most outstanding peace analysis middle” ranked PM Abiy because the prime candidate for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.
Everyone’s head is spinning making an attempt to figure him out. All of this for a man 43 years of age and in office 14 months!
Are we witnessing an African Spring?
In 2011, we witnessed the “Winter of Arab” discontent made superb by an “Arab Spring” adopted by an more and more scorching “Arab Summer time” and deeply troubled “Arab Fall”.
In my January 2012 commentary “An ‘African Spring’ in 2012?”, I asked whether an “Ethiopian Tsedey” (Spring) was in he air.
In August 2012, it turned clear Spring had sprung in Ethiopia.
Ethiopians heaved a sigh of aid.
To paraphrase Shakespeare, the “21 yr winter of our discontent would soon turn to superb summer time, and all the clouds that lour’d upon our house, In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.”
However it took till April 2018 for the flowers of the Ethiopian Spring to bloom.
In 2019, the political seasons are altering throughout Africa.
The individuals are turning into more assertive and demanding good governance.
The times of Africa’s “Massive Males” and kleptocratic dictators are numbered.
The numbers don’t favor the previous dictators. They may quickly be consigned to the trash bin of historical past.
“About 41% of the individuals within the continent are under 15 years previous whereas another 19% are youth between 15 and 24 years previous.”
The selection is obvious.
Africa’s youth shall be innovators and wealth and revenue turbines and on the frontlines in the conflict towards poverty, disease and illiteracy or they will be the sluggish burning fuse on the African powder keg.
I consider Ethiopia is the sign of the occasions for the remainder of Africa.
Young individuals in Africa fed up with dictators who jail, torture and muzzle them shall rise in defiance and resistance.
They could comply with the instance of Ethiopia’s youth who fought with nothing greater than civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance to convey down one of the cruelest, barbarous and bloodthirsty dictatorships in trendy African history.
The actual query is methods to bring about good governance and political accountability without the standard violence and destruction.
Medemer nearly as good governance in movement
PM Abiy has spoken about his concept of Medemer over the previous yr.
I have expounded on the idea of “Medemer” on numerous occasions.
“Medemer” isn’t a concept however simply the apply of the principle of inclusiveness, good governance and political accountability.
As I defined in my March 2019 commentary, “The Praxis of Medemer in the Horn of Africa”, the one selection dealing with African is the one eloquently contained in Dr. Martin Luther King’s maxim, “We must all study to stay together as brothers or we’ll all perish together as fools.”
To borrow from Plato’s “Republic”, African leaders can attempt to create a ship of state and create peace and prosperity for his or her individuals or endure the wrath of the individuals and perish as a ship of fools.
For decades, the Horn nations (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti, South Sudan and Uganda) have chosen the path of perishing as fools.
Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a useless warfare in the identify of “national delight” and “territorial integrity” between 1998-2000, which resulted within the deaths of as many as 100,000 individuals, displacement of as much as a million and diversion of a lot wanted assets to purchase bullets as an alternative of butter.
Because the creation of South Sudan in 2011, ethnic rivalry between factional leaders has resulted within the deaths of hundreds of harmless individuals.
No African nation can stay as an island separated from its neighbors.
African nations are tied together in a single garment of future, caught in an inescapable community of mutuality.
PM Abiy says the spillover effect of the conflict and instability in the Sudan immediately affects Ethiopia.
What occurs in every Horn country affects the others. Struggle in one nation threatens the peace in the other. Peace and democracy in a single country turn into examples for the continent.
The very fact of the matter is the Horn of Africa immediately faces myriad issues starting from grinding poverty, illness and ignorance to giant scale inhabitants displacements and population explosion and infinite strings of deadly conflicts.
PM Abiy’s software of Medemer goals to unravel these problems within the Horn by means of the creation of an “economic bloc (with Eritrea, Djibouti, the Somalias, and Sudan) fueled by the competition between Gulf and Chinese money, or to re-engineer the Intergovernmental Authority on Improvement.”
The method for peace and prosperity within the Horn or in Africa typically isn’t difficult. As Mandela stated, “If you want to make peace together with your enemy, you must work together with your enemy. Then he turns into your associate.”
We’d like a nation/continent of first responders
There are some benighted people mouthing off about how PM Abiy is spending so much time making an attempt to convey peace in Africa and the Center East while there’s so much conflict among groups, factions, organizations and events in Ethiopia.
They level an accusatory finger at PM Abiy and carp, “Why doesn’t he rove round Ethiopia brokering peace in each beer (tej/tella) hall, neighborhood, city and school. The nation goes to hell in a hand basket.”
What these benighted miss out on in their slender lenses is that as they level an accusatory finger at PM Abiy, three fingers are pointing squarely at them.
They never cease to ask, “What’s my private duty to broker peace in my neighborhood?”
I pity these myopic twits.
Ethiopia can’t be at peace when Ethiopia’s neighbor’s are at conflict.
Conflict, battle, refugees, famine, and so on., know no borders.
In 2019, some 400,000 refugees from South Sudan settled in the Gambela area of Ethiopia. “Ethiopia has been praised for its open door coverage to refugees feeling war-torn South Sudan.”
How many more tens of millions of refugees can Ethiopia accommodate?
When Sudan is at conflict, Ethiopia takes care of their refugees.
Naysayers and nitwits apart, PM Abiy should not be the only first responder in Ethiopia or in Africa.
PM Abiy must not be the only one who exhibits up on the scene of a criminal offense and work to stop things from getting out of hand.
Each Ethiopian man, lady and youngster can and have to be a primary responder in their own right in their neighborhoods, hamlets, cities, cities, areas, faculties, universities, churches, mosques, and so on,.
It doesn’t require particular training as a primary responder to face up and converse up when Ethiopians are displaced, denied justice, mistreated and their human rights violated.
Last week, a scholar at Aksum College was killed in what is reported to be a bias-based crime. Every week earlier an analogous incident occurred at Debremarkos College.
Where have been the college responders then?
Perhaps they have been expecting PM Abiy to return to campus and do first responding for them?
When Ethiopians have been displaced in West Guji and Gedeo, Benishangul Gumuz, the place have been the first responders?
I don’t know however I saw a variety of first finger pointers unaware three fingers are pointing at them.
PM Abiy cannot be at all places on the similar time. He does not have a magic wand to wave and make all the things alright.
But 110 million Ethiopians can wave their arms and make all the things alright.
When 110 million Ethiopians put their arms together, they type an unbreakable bond referred to as “Medemer”.
That is the only viable principle to save lots of Ethiopia and Africa. In Ethiopia and Africa, Medemer means united we stand, divided we fall and perish like fools.
Identical to the fingers on the hand, “Medemer” means all for one and one for all.
Medemer means all of Africa is sure in a single garment of future.
Once we apply “Medemer” as first responders, we may have achieved the last word in human solidarity.
Within the spirit of Dr. King, as first responders in Medemer, we’ll walk together, work collectively, go to jail collectively, rejoice collectively, cry together, snicker collectively, pray together, sing together, and stay collectively in peace until that day when all God’s youngsters – Amhara, Oromo, Tigray, Somali, Gurage, Wolayita, Sidama, Afar and the other 75 or more groups of the Ethiopian family — will rejoice in a single widespread band of humanity.
It is folly to assume just one mortal man has the duty and skill to cope with the ills of Ethiopia and convey solutions.
Ethiopia belongs to all its individuals. With possession comes duty and a commitment to tireless diligence.
To paraphrase Shakespeare:
All Ethiopia’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances…
Or as PM Abiy says Ethiopians have a selection of leaving their fingerprints in the work they do for coming generations or kick up mud in the face of this era and grow to be mud and are forgotten.
Subsequently, ask not what Abiy Ahmed can do for Ethiopia as a first responder, ask what you are able to do to respond first before Abiy Ahmed and make Ethiopia a good, simply and peaceable society.
Be an Ethiopian First Responder. Be an African First Responder.